Malaysia Ministry of Health reported a total of 28 death cases of leptospirosis as of August 24, from a total of 2,925 infected cases in the country.
Health Minister Datuk Seri Dr S. Subramaniam said the latest statistic has brought the total number of rat urine disease cases to 2,925 so far this year. In 2012 48 death cases were reported out of 3,665 cases, and in 2011 55 death cases out of 2,268 infected.
"The leptospirosis situation in Malaysia showed that rats were the main reservoir for the disease, although other wild animals could also be infected by the leptospira bacteria.
"We urge members of the public to avoid patronizing food premises which are dirty, to maintain good hygiene and to avoid holding recreational activities by pools, ponds or rivers.
"Handle your waste or garbage properly so that rats cannot feed on them or that could contribute to an increase in the rat population," Dr. Subramaniam said.
He also urged those who had been exposed to the risk of leptospirosis and had symptoms such as fever and body aches to seek medical attention immediately.